Describing your Application¶
Every SimGrid simulation entails a distributed application, that virtually executes on the simulated platform. You can express this application using one of the following interfaces. It is even possible to mix several interfaces in the same simulation.
- Describing Algorithms with the S4U interface (in C++)
- Simulating existing MPI programs with the SMPI toolsuite (in C, C++, or Fortran)
- In some cases, you may want to replay an execution trace in the simulator. This trace lists the events of your application or of your workload, and your application is decomposed as a list of event handlers that are fired according to the trace. SimGrid comes with a build-in support for MPI traces (with solutions to import traces captured by several MPI profilers). You can reuse this mecanism for any kind of trace that you want to replay, for example to study how a P2P DHT overlay reacts to a given workload.
- Simulating algorithms with one of the legacy interfaces: MSG for distributed algorithms (in C or Java) and SimDAG for centralized algorithms (in C). SimGrid was founded in 1998, and many interfaces were proposed along the way. MSG (introduced around 2002) and SimDag (introduced before 2000), are still present in SimGrid. They do not evolve anymore, but given their popularity, they will not be removed until at least 2020. That being said, our goal is to make S4U so useful that these legacy APIs become useless and obsolete.
- We are currently working on the ability to modify any existing application so that it can run on top of SimGrid. This project, called Remote-SimGrid, is highly experimental at this point.
As you can see, SimGrid is very modular and can be used in many ways. We are working to improve it along two main directions. First, we plan to further increase the modularity of the simulator so that users can invent the specific API or DSL they need for their usage. We call this project BYOS: Build Your Own Simulator.
Executing existing applications within the simulator is another long-term goal. SMPI and Remote-SimGrid already allow you to execute some applications, but our long term goal would be to allow for the execution of any legacy application, with absolutely no modification. We call it SimOS, even if it will not become usable before several years of additional work.